Canada is one of the greatest places in the world to be Jewish, but Canadian society has a long legacy of antisemitism, which persists to this day.

The History of Antisemitism in Canada and the Lived Experience of Canadian Jews

  1. How does this video S.I.T. with you?
  2. How do the Four I’s of Oppression** apply to the examples in this video?
  3. While, in Canada today, we may no longer see the same overt examples of institutional oppression of years past targeting Jewish people, structural antisemitism does still exist. How do you think that the other three I’s (Ideology, Interpersonal, and Internalized) [oppression] impact Jewish Canadians today?
  4. What can we do as individuals to recognize and eradicate behaviours, cultural norms, and practices within institutions that are ingrained, but unwritten, and are de facto maintaining and perpetuating an antisemitic status quo?
  5. What do you think are some of the effects of antisemitism in Canada, on both Jews and non-Jews?

**Extended Learning: The Four I’s of Oppression

  • I. Ideological: the idea that one group is somehow better than another, and in some measure has the right to control the other group.
  • ii. Institutional: the institutions of society—the laws, the legal system and police practice, the education system and schools, hiring policies, public policies, housing development, media images, political power, etc.—are grounded in and perpetuate the idea of one group’s superiority.
  • iii. Interpersonal: individualized behaviors by members of the dominant group that disrespect or mistreat individuals in non-dominant groups.
  • iv. Internalized: when members of oppressed groups experience the oppression and come to believe (internalize) the negative messages about themselves and their group membership.


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